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Реставрация икон | реставрация древнерусской живописи | Мастерская реставрации древнерусской живописи в Русском музее

Исследование и раскрытие произведений древнерусской живописи осуществляется с помощью стереомикроскопа.

Исследовательские микрошурфы поздних переписок, на картине XVIII века.Отдел реставрации Русского музея. Реставрация картин. Реставрация живописи.

Исследовательские микрошурфы поздних переписок, сделанные под микроскопом. (40х увеличение)

Complex methods are used to study works of visual art. These methods include stylistic and historical analysis, as well as the analysis of data obtained with the help of physicochemical methods of research.

The study of artistic methods and specific characteristics of the composition, the use of color, and the artist’s style, and specific changes in the state the preservation of the base, primed layer, front-facing surface, brushwork, character of strokes and lines, the comparison of these with the references of the works (i.e., documented and authentic) are supplemented by data from technological research, such as radiography, reflected ultraviolet photography, visible luminescence under ultraviolet rays, infrared spectrum research, x-ray fluorescence analysis, etc., which accurately tell us about the true preservation state of the work and allows us to develop an optimal program for conservation work based on the information we receive.

A biochemical study of a work of art is primarily aimed at a comprehensive study of the composition and properties of the materials from which the piece was created. These studies allow the conservator to determine more or less exactly where the boundary between the authentic (i.e., done by the artist) elements of a piece of art and later additions lies, and how to choose the right solvents that will reinforce its structure. As a result of these studies, the optimal strategy and tactics for preservation can be developed. There is a wide spectrum of materials studied; it includes paper, textiles, wood, stone, metal, minerals, and the organic substances that make up paint. Thus, the methods used also vary widely. In particular, the stratigraphy and the thickness of the paint layers, their transparency and components are studied in thin sections of microscopic samples of materials in transmitted polarized light magnified up to 1000 times.

We also study biological damage to artworks, which can potentially cause them irreparable harm, and then develop the optimal method for dealing with them.

 

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